F-1 visas are for students who are looking to enter the United States to study at an accredited college, university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or other academic institution or in a language training program. The studies must be at a school authorized by the United States government to accept international students and must be a program that grants a degree, diploma, or certificate.
F-1 students may not work off-campus their first year of academic study, but may accept on-campus employment which is subject to certain restrictions and conditions. After the first year of academic study, F-1 visa holders may engage in Optional Practice Training( OPT), Curricular Practical Training (CPT), or Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Optional Practical Training Extension (OPT). In certain situations of extreme hardship or special student relief, students may be granted the ability to work off-campus on a case-by-case basis.